Differences between iptables and ipchains
- Firstly, the names of the built-in chains have changed from
lower case to UPPER case, because the INPUT and OUTPUT chains now only
get locally-destined and locally-generated packets. They used to see
all incoming and all outgoing packets respectively.
- The `-i' flag now means the incoming interface, and only works
in the INPUT and FORWARD chains. Rules in the FORWARD or OUTPUT
chains that used `-i' should be changed to `-o'.
- TCP and UDP ports now need to be spelled out with the
--source-port or --sport (or --destination-port/--dport) options, and
must be placed after the `-p tcp' or `-p udp' options, as this loads
the TCP or UDP extensions respectively.
- The TCP -y flag is now --syn, and must be after `-p tcp'.
- The DENY target is now DROP, finally.
- Zeroing single chains while listing them works.
- Zeroing built-in chains also clears policy counters.
- Listing chains gives you the counters as an atomic snapshot.
- REJECT and LOG are now extended targets, meaning they are
separate kernel modules.
- Chain names can be up to 31 characters.
- MASQ is now MASQUERADE and uses a different syntax. REDIRECT,
while keeping the same name, has also undergone a syntax change. See
the NAT-HOWTO for more information on how to configure both of these.
- The -o option is no longer used to direct packets to the userspace
device (see -i above). Packets are now sent to userspace via the QUEUE
- Probably heaps of other things I forgot.